With a total of 538,185 business start-ups, 2013 is the worst year since 2009The year in which the auto-entrepreneur scheme was introduced. In total creation: -2.1% versus 2012.
However, this result masks two opposite movements:
- 2013 is the worst year in the last 5 years for the creation of auto-entrepreneurs,
- the best year for creations excluding auto-entrepreneurs.
Of course, creations under the auto-entrepreneur scheme are suffering from the crisis, and from the questioning of its terms and conditions in 2013, which the Grandguillaume report is only belatedly reassuring. The decline amounts to -10.6% between 2012 and 2013, and -24% compared to the best year in 2010. In contrast, creations outside this regime are doing well, with an increase of +8.6% between 2012 and 2013.
Of the total of 263,243 creations excluding auto-entrepreneurs, corporate forms still represent the majority (60%), but remain stable, while creations in the form of sole proprietorships increased significantly by +26% between 2012 and 2013. This is the first time in 5 years that sole proprietorship creation has increased.
In terms of total creation, although auto-entrepreneurs still account for more than one in two creations, this share, at 51% in 2013, is the lowest since the scheme was introduced.
Over the year 2013 compared to 2012:
- The most significant falls were in the household services sector (-8.2%), real estate (-7.3%), and construction (-6.4%).
- Conversely, the sectors that are growing are transport and storage (+11.5%), financial and insurance activities (+8%), and education, health and social work (+6.1%).
The 2013 results are therefore mixed. Indeed, if the total number of start-ups is decreasing, and this has been the case for the last three years if we include the status quo of last year, and if the number of self-employed start-ups has taken a very serious hit, the upturn in the number of start-ups of individual businesses, which some might think are more likely to be sustainable and create jobs, brings a note of hope. This is all the more true since it is the VSEs/SMEs that are the companies that create jobs. in net balanceAs she has just recalled the latest OECD Scoreboard (no doubt the source of the reminder of this statistical reality by the President of the Republic during his speech on 14 January). An OECD study which certainly reminds us that net employment is created by small businesses ... but also by the youngest:
... like what, if young people need jobs, jobs need young people ...
The history of the creation since 2000:
Summary to download: NCC_Business creation review 2013